Energy-saving measures and methods of industrial wns steam fire tube boilers which industrial boiler energy-saving measures and methods which 1, to increase the capacity and improve the thermal efficiency of boilers and inefficient small compared to the large-capacity high-efficiency industrial boilers, can greatly improve the utilization of energy rate, so as to obtain greater economic benefits. Meanwhile, the cogeneration project enables conversion of exhaust or extraction steam turbine for heating, not only can reduce the loss of turbine exhaust steam, but also help to save coal resources. Industrial boiler thermal efficiency of China's low is a fact that can not be ignored, usually operating efficiency even lower. Therefore, improving the efficiency of industrial furnace hot pot, is crucial for energy savings. In one aspect, by improving the quality of the insulating material, thicker insulation, heat loss can be reduced. On the other hand, the use of secondary air system, can facilitate a more complete combustion of fuel, the effect is very significant. 2, the heating surface to reduce coking and fouling of industrial boiler during running, prone to coking, fouling phenomenon, resulting in increased and then decreased local resistance to the flow cross section. Not only conducive to smoke, but also so that heat transfer is reduced, further increasing the temperature of the flue gas. Industrial boilers and cleaning agent has a good cleaning effect, can be put in the appropriate amount sublimation decompose at high temperatures, with the heating surface of the coke, slag and contacts a chemical reaction can be automatically off after decomposition. Meanwhile, a method of periodically purging is also more effective in the early formation of fouling was loose state can be cleared periodically sootblowing. If the attachment is too long time, will translate into close like fouling, thus increasing the difficulty of cleaning up. 3, to ensure the quality of coal and industrial coal-fired boilers with coal is crucial, its moisture, volatile content factor for the speed of fire, as well as affecting the combustion temperature is extremely obvious. Maintain proper moisture content can be reduced with reduced leakage occurrence of coal and fly ash, coal seam and helps enhance the evacuation ventilation. If the moisture content is too high, will affect the speed and the temperature in the furnace, heat loss will be increased exhaust smoke. Industrial water boiler heating surface for scaling impact of large scale for each additional 1mm, the overall thermal efficiency of the boiler will be reduced by 3%. 4, many factors affect the lower exhaust gas temperature industrial boiler flue gas temperature, within the course of the economizer scale, cleaning up soot neglect of smoke in the furnace wall channeling smoke, poor treatment effect, can cause elevated exhaust temperature. On the one hand, to deal with the heating surface appears slagging, fouling and scale phenomena take timely measures to eliminate, minimize or avoid their presence. On the other hand, on the rear of the boiler heating surface is improved or increased. Industrial boiler flue gas temperature, objectively reflects the utilization of exhaust heat. But not as low as possible, the exhaust gas temperature is too low but not conducive to the normal operation of the boiler.
Operation of the wns steam fire tube boiler, including what? Including the operation of the boiler, what does? Following on from the Henan fast boiler company to tell you about: 1. The water level regulation of normal water level in the middle of the gauge (1) of the boiler. Operation with the magnitude of the load is adjusted: to maintain a high level during low load, high load to maintain a low level. Changes should not be down more than 40 mm. (2) to be run on the water level gauge to compare the two groups, if the water level display should be corrected promptly identify the cause. (3) To achieve a balanced continuous boiler feed water, ground water supply, water supply less, to maintain the water level in the normal water level fluctuates slightly in the vicinity. (4) load change is large, prone to false level. Pay attention to judgment, in order to avoid misuse. 2. Steam pressure regulator (1) when the boiler must constantly monitor the pressure gauge indicated. To maintain stable steam pressure, boiler pressure must not exceed the design pressure. (2) increasing the boiler load: Steam pressure decreased boiler load is increased, if the level is high at this time, the amount of water should be reduced to a water supply or suspend, the amount of coal and increase the air volume. Gradually increase the amount of water at the same time to strengthen the burning, keep the steam pressure and the water level is normal. (3) boiler load reduction: the vapor pressure rises to reduce boiler load, if the level is high at this time, the amount of coal should be reduced and the air volume, reduced combustion. Then the appropriate water reduction or suspension of water supply to the water vapor pressure and stability in the nominal range. Then press the normal combustion and to adjust the amount of water. If the actual water level within the boiler is low, to increase the amount of water should, until the water level returns to normal after the combustion and needs to be adjusted according to the water vapor pressure and load changes. 3. Combustion adjustment (1) combustion index. Normal combustion boiler comprises a uniform supply of the fuel, reasonable ventilation, adjusting three basic aspects combustion. B. maintain a high temperature of the combustion chamber temperature of the upper layer is preferably in the 1100-1300 ℃, flame orange in color. Flame reddish color indicates that the amount is not enough to the wind, the color white indicates that excessive wind. It should be appropriately adjusted. C. fuel ash to reduce ash content in the combustibles to be below 10%. d. reducing the temperature of the exhaust gas boiler exhaust gas temperature should be controlled below 200 ℃. e. excess air negative pressure holding furnace boiler 1.2-1.4, by adjusting the balance of the blowers to maintain the furnace pressure is 2-3mm. F. to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler thermal efficiency of the boiler should be kept above 60%. (2) adjusting the combustion a. Reasonable amount and the distribution of fuel to the amount of air needed for combustion. Ventilation should first increase the amount of fuel increases, it should first reduce the amount of fuel supply reduced ventilation. b wind principle feature: burn promoting intermediate ends. That is, after the coal into the coal starts to warm up the shutter, fire line front arch, the primary combustion zone, the middle grate to burn the rear grate zone. c is the normal combustion conditions: fuel ignition start at 300mm from the shutter of coal, even flames, the fire bed formation, at the end away from the combustion grate at the end of 300-500mm. d. Hold appropriate furnace temperature to avoid coking. E. fire bed to maintain the homogeneous combustion, to avoid burning fire bed obliquely. F. less than 30 minutes residence time of the fuel on the grate. Our company provides services related to the installation of the boiler!
Cause of abnormal gas steam wns steam fire tube boiler stall phenomenon gas steam boiler and treatment of non-normal stalling reason, phenomena and treatment 2013-1-139: 17: 30 to cause a flameout: 1, or the operation of the auxiliary trip power outage. 2, boiler combustion instability. 3, the load is too low, so that the load sharply mill automatic ignition energy loss or failure of combustion. 4, mutant coal, volatile or low calorific value gas. 5, the automatic combustion flame detector failure or failure caused by tripping mill. 6, or blast furnace wall tubes serious improper boiler soot-blowing operation, a large amount of water vapor into the combustion chamber. 7, coal pulverizing system, fuel system failure, resulting in a significant amount of fuel reduction or interruption. Or with a large amount of water in the fuel oil gun blocked too many impurities, low pressure steam or atomized. Second, the phenomenon: 1, a significant increase in furnace pressure, furnace flame monitoring flameless CRT display. See the fire no fire hole, BTG warning window MFT warning lights. 2, the unit load decrease, the steam flow drops rapidly, each segment working medium temperature, the vapor pressure decreases, the value of oxygen surge. Third, the method of treatment: 1, if the MFT tripping protection, should an emergency shutdown processing, stop the supply of fuel. 2, identify the cause flameout, and try to eliminate, to conduct a comprehensive inspection of the boiler, after confirming the device properly, can restart.
To further reduce emissions, improve air quality, the Shanghai Municipal Government put forward the views of accelerating the implementation of small and medium sized wns steam fire tube boilers mentioned standard transformation of the urban area. Details are as follows.
As of 2020 before the end of September, the city mentioned standard transformation is completed with small boilers. Among them, the city center before the end of 2019 to complete the transformation mentioned standard, to Shanghai, "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards" (DB31 / 3872018) requirements, to encourage compliance in advance.
In January 2018 - September 2020 period, complete boiler mentioned standard transformation and acceptance, discharge standards under the "50%, 75%" and other major conditions of the city's small and medium-load boiler unit.
City, District, together, support the implementation of fiscal policy. Giving special one-off subsidies, municipal and district levels in line with the financial support of the above-mentioned range. Specific binding transformation of the former boiler capacity and completion time, be supported in accordance with the following criteria:
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